United Federation of Planets I

"A dream that became a reality and spread throughout the stars."
- Captain James T. Kirk.
The United Federation of Planets (commonly referred to as The Federation) is an interstellar federal republic, composed of planetary governments that agreed to exist semi-autonomously under a single central government, and to share their knowledge and resources in peaceful cooperation and space exploration.

The Federation is located in the Alpha Quadrant of the Milky Way Galaxy. By the early 2370s, the Federation's territory was spread across 8,000 light years, with a membership of over 150 worlds and over 1,000 semi-autonomous colonies. Its major neighboring sovereignties are the Klingon Empire, the Romulan Star Empire, the Cardassian Union, and the Ferengi Alliance. Other neighboring sovereignties are the Tzenkethi, the Tholian Assembly, the Breen Confederacy and the Xindi.

The Federation's government is a representative republic, headquartered on Earth. The government consisted of three branches: the executive, the legislature and the judiciary. The executive branch is responsible for the day-to-day management of the Federation. The democratically-elected Federation President is the head of this branch.

The Federation President serves as both the head of state and head of government; as chief executive officer of the government, the President determines most of the Federation's foreign policy, managed budgetary concerns, and serves as supreme commander of the Federation's military forces. The President's office is located in the Earth city of Paris on the European continent.

The legislature:

A sitting of the Federation CouncilThe Federation Council is the unicameral legislative body of the Federation. Composed of representatives from the various member worlds, the Federation Council holds the power to create, amend, and ratify Federation law.

The Federation Council also holds a great deal of influence over the operations of the Federation's military service, the Federation Starfleet. It sometimes serves as the judging body of specially-convened courts-martial, and on occasion issues operational orders to Starfleet. The Council also holds influence over the making of Federation foreign policy. The Council's meeting chamber is in the Earth city of San Francisco, on the west coast of the North American continent.

The judiciary:

The judiciary is the branch of the Federation's government which is responsible for the administration of justice in the name of the state according to Federation law. Its highest level is the Federation Supreme Court.

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